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- Tile or Marble Setter
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Helpers usually start by performing simple tasks, such as moving materials. As they gain experience, they are given more complex tasks, such as cutting tile. Some helpers become tile finishers. Some tile and marble setters learn their trade through a 2- to 4-year apprenticeship. For each year of the program, apprentices must complete at least hours of related technical training and 2, hours of paid on-the-job training.
Tile and marble setters begin with 12 weeks of pre-apprenticeship instruction at a training center to learn construction basics. This may include mathematics, building code requirements, safety and first-aid practices, and blueprint reading. After completing an apprenticeship program, tile and marble setters are considered to be journey workers and may perform duties on their own. Several groups, including unions and contractor associations, sponsor apprenticeship programs. The basic qualifications for entering an apprenticeship program are as follows:.
Some manufacturers offer product-specific training for tile and marble setters. In addition, some installers attend conferences that offer training sessions. Tile and marble setters typically have an interest in the Building, Creating and Organizing interest areas, according to the Holland Code framework. The Building interest area indicates a focus on working with tools and machines, and making or fixing practical things. The Creating interest area indicates a focus on being original and imaginative, and working with artistic media.
The Organizing interest area indicates a focus on working with information and processes to keep things arranged in orderly systems. If you are not sure whether you have a Building or Creating or Organizing interest which might fit with a career as a tile and marble setter, you can take a career test to measure your interests. Color vision. Setting tile often involves determining small color variations.
Because tile patterns may include many different colors, tile setters must be able to distinguish between colors and patterns for the best-looking finish. Customer-service skills. Detail oriented. Some tile arrangements can be highly detailed and artistic, so workers must ensure that the patterns are properly and accurately arranged. Math skills. Basic math skills are used on every job. Besides measuring the area to be tiled, installers must calculate the number of tiles needed to cover an area.
Physical stamina. Tile and marble setters must have the endurance to spend many hours on their feet. When setting tile or marble, installers also may be on their knees for hours at a time. Physical strength.
Some marble setters must be strong enough to carry and lift heavy marble countertops into position. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The starting pay for apprentices usually is about 50 percent of what fully trained tile and marble setters make. As they gain more skill, they receive pay increases. Employment of tile and marble setters is projected to grow 15 percent from to , faster than the average for all occupations.
Population growth and business growth, coupled with the continuing popularity of tile and marble, will be the major source of demand for workers. Another side effect of this water absorbency is the tile becomes soft and brittle due to its structure being pulled apart by the water. I have seen many cracked tiles in shower bases due to this. Simply put, it is not a good tile for wet areas or kitchens for that matter.
Apart from the water issue, it is overall a very soft tile with a glaze that is easy to chip. How many glasses or knives have you dropped in your kitchen? Ceramic tiles are also banned from being used in any commercial or industrial application for these factors.
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It is not sterile or tough enough to withstand the demands. For instance, subway tiles have become very popular in modern design and plenty of tile manufacturers produce their version of a tile in that size and many of them are ceramic tiles.
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Ceramic tiles are also very easy to work with and cut, hence why you may be here reading about them and installing them yourself. So you can believe me when I say I know a thing or two how to cut these bad boys. To cut Ceramic tiles like a regular subway tile or smaller format floor tile you will require:. Buying some cheaper tools for DIY home installations may prove to be cheaper than renting as you will have the tools on hand whenever you add more tiles or if you will need to make repairs in case a tile is broken down the line.
One thing I guarantee is tiles do break after installation, usually just due to regular wear and tear, so having your own cutter on hand will prove a big time saver down the track.
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Now that you know which tools you will need for the job, I will describe the use of each one so you know how to apply it to any given situation. This tool is also called a tile snapper, snap cutter or tile hand cutter. This tile cutter will be your main workhorse on your install with its ability to set up a size and cut multiple tiles to the exact same size every time. This is great when setting up a brick format subway tile to get even half cuts. Not only that but every time you come up to a hard surface and you need to trim a tile, the manual tile cutter will be on the job.
The other advantage is you only need to scribe a small mark in order to set a size as opposed to a tile saw where you need to draw the entire cutting line in order to cut a straight line. These options are perfect ceramic tile cutters and will serve you well. A hand-held tile saw is your go-to saw for anything beyond a straight cut.
Tile or Marble Setter
If the surface you will be tiling has features like light sockets, wooden trims like in a doorway or round holes for a shower you will require this tool. Operation of this tool is definitely not as easy as a manual tile cutter and it does require a lot of care, practice and skill so do not rush into your first cut. You also have to mark out the cutting area in full so you have a clear line to follow when making your cut. The tile saw uses a 4 inch round diamond blade to do the cutting so it enables you to cut virtually anything you require. If your tile lands in the middle of an electrical socket you can easily cut into the tile and trim out the box, a manual tile cutter can only dream of doing this.
It is literally impossible.
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In that case, you can use the cutter to score the line and then you will need to complete the cut on your saw. Alternatively, you can pull off the scribbed area with tile nippers. It is very affordable and can easily handle the job. The CM4SB2 is ready for wet cutting so if you will be making extended cuts then you will be able to do so safely and without damage to your saw, blade or the material.
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While you are making your purchases be sure to add a pair of safety goggles and ear muffs. They are essential to use this tool safely as it throws up a lot of debris right into the eye area and creates a noise level rivalling that of an aeroplane taking off. Tile Nippers are in essence a pair of pliers that are hardened with carbide in order to be able to cut tile.
They are the simplest form of tile cutting but still an essential part of the job. I use my pair every day. Ideally, you will want two pairs of these. A standard pair that will be used to bite large chunks out of tiles for quick trimming of a tile and a parrot-beaked set for when you want to do more precise bite like a round hole. For a round hole, I always use my tile saw to scribe the line and break the glaze of the tile.